Nausea, Diarrhea and Vomiting
Persistent vomiting and diarrhea can cause the body to lose fluid, which is called dehydration. Dehydration can be very dangerous, especially to young children; therefore, replacing lost fluids is essential.
Follow these steps to reduce the symptoms of dehydration:
- Offer liquids every 30 minutes during the day and at every available opportunity overnight. One-half cup of liquid is recommended every hour, depending on the age and size of the patient. Although children can go for extended periods of time without food, fluid intake is crucial.
- Drink only water initially until other fluids can be tolerated.
- Once water is tolerated, introduce liquid and/or solid gelatin.
- Fruity punch, hard candy and popsicles can be introduced slowly. Limit the intake until you're sure of tolerance.
- Introduce solid foods such as broth, bananas and crackers slowly.
- Seek medical attention immediately if the patient only passes small amounts or urine, has a dry, parched mouth and/or acts listless or sleepy.